The City of Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, is located four miles west of downtown Milwaukee. Wauwatosa is centrally located within Metro Milwaukee, and is very accessible with direct access to Highway 45 and close proximity to Interstate 94.
The City of Wauwatosa is primarily served by General Mitchell International Airport located nine miles southeast of the City.
Demographic information is available from the US Census Bureau.
A Brief History
The first permanent settlement in Wauwatosa Township was established by Charles Hart when he built the first house on land situated opposite Root Common on Harwood Avenue. Hart built a grist mill and a saw mill on the west side of the Menomonee River at what is now Harwood Avenue, and the area fittingly came to be known as Hart’s Mills.
United States road from Milwaukee through Wauwatosa and on to Madison (part of present-day Harwood Avenue) is built.
The US Government constructed the first bridge across the Menomonee River at Hart’s Mills. A wagon road following an old trail passed through Wauwatosa from Milwaukee to Watertown. Forty-five miles long, it had toll gates every three miles and was known as the “Watertown Plank Road” as it was paved with 3/8” planks that were eight feet long.
The Town of Wauwatosa is created by an Act of Legislature of the Wisconsin Territory.
The first public school building was erected north of Root Common (now the intersection of Harwood and Wauwatosa Avenues).
The first town meeting was held on April 5, 1842 and Charles Hart was elected chairman of the board. Until 1842, Wauwatosa was attached to the township of Milwaukee. Possible names for the new township created much discussion; the name “Wauwautosa” was suggested, for two reasons: (1) In the language of Potawatomi tribe, the word “wau-wau-tae-sie” means ‘firefly.’ This part of the Menomonee River Valley housed swarms of fireflies in the summer. (2) The name would also honor the Potawatomi chief, Chief Wauwautaesie. When the name was eventually adopted, however, the spelling became “Wauwatosa” due to an error.
The Little Red Store, still standing in the Village, was built. First used as a dwelling, later a grocery store, post office, railroad depot, and library, it has been restored and is now owned by the Wauwatosa Historical Society
The first high school was built on the same site as the present Wauwatosa East High School.
The first public library is established.
On October 8, the Village of Wauwatosa was incorporated from a central area of the town. Edward Coulthard became president of the Village Board and the population 2,248.
The business district was leveled by a fire. It started in a bakery near the center of town and rapidly spread to the buildings on State Street. From there, despite the efforts of the volunteer firemen and bucket brigades, the fire sped up Harwood Avenue toward Root Common. By nightfall, the entire business district was in ruins. This event led to the creation of the first paid, part-time fire department.
On May 27 (view excerpt of minutes
), the Village became a city of the fourth class and Emerson Hoyt, its first banker, was elected as its first mayor.
A fire house and City Hall are built on Underwood Avenue
The first full-time police force is established.
Known as the “city of homes,” Wauwatosa became the second city in the state to adopt a zoning ordinance. The ordinance established a designated use for each lot plotted, and designated residential districts; stores and manufacturing operations were limited to certain streets.
Wauwatosa became a city of third class, with a population of more than 10,000.
The last significant annexation occurred on November 25 when the Common Council passed a charter ordinance annexing an area 8 ½ square miles from the Town of Wauwatosa, creating a municipality of 13 square miles.
The land formerly known as Wauwatosa City Park became Charles Hart Park in 1960 in recognition of the first settler, close to the site of Charles Hart’s first mill near the present 72nd and Chestnut Street.
Wauwatosa became a city of the second class after the 1970 census, when it was shown to have more than 58,000 residents.
2010 and Beyond:
Wauwatosa’s population has settled to over 47,000 persons and has seen slow and steady growth since 2010—continuing to be an attractive place to live and work.
Current & Past Alderpersons
|2017 population estimate
|2016 population estimate
|2015 population estimate
|2014 population estimate
|2013 population estimate
|2012 population estimate
|2011 population estimate
|1892 Census (Village of Wauwatosa incorporated)
||Years in Office
|Emerson D. Hoyt
|Charles B. Perry
|Alfred C. Loose
|William B. Knuese
|Ervin A. Meier
|Francis D. Kuckuck
|James A. Benz
|James A. Brundahl
|Theresa M. Estness
View information on current elected officials